Berge, Z. L. (2008). Changing instructor’s roles in virtual worlds. Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 9(4), 407-414.
Based off of his previous Instructor’s Roles Model, Berge offers alterations to the four elements of the model with regards to course offered in multi-user virtual environments (MUVEs). As students’ learning styles change so must instructors’ pedagogical, social, managerial, and technical roles.